Adult Probation

The tri-county Judicial District Community Supervision & Corrections Department serves Comal, Caldwell and Hays counties. The mission of this department is to:

  • serve the criminal courts
  • protect the community to the extent that legal authority and resources will allow
  • provide rehabilitative opportunities for offenders
  • sanction offenders placed under our supervision.

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The tri-county Judicial District Community Supervision Corrections Department works with both law enforcement and the courts. Probation officers, work with probationers from both the District Courts and County Courts at Law. The judges of those courts determine when probation is granted, how long the probation will last and how much will be paid in fines, restitution, and supervision fees. If a probationer breaks a rule, the judge who placed him on probation can revoke the probation after a hearing and require the person to serve the sentence imposed by the court.

Community supervision and corrections is unique in the tri-county region as the only direct alternative to costly incarceration at local and state levels. Efforts are made to see that offenders remain employed and support their dependents like other citizens. Able offenders are further required to pay fees that provide for a large percentage of their supervision and rehabilitative programming costs. Thus, community supervision is the only element of the criminal justice system that allows offenders to remain under local court jurisdiction while working, contributing to their own supervision costs and making restitution to victims.

The Juvenile Probation department works with minor probationers, those under the age of 18.

Serving Criminal Courts:
This department serves criminal courts in Comal, Caldwell and Hays counties in the following ways:

  1. Providing pre-sentence investigation reports
  2. Suggesting well-reasoned, legal alternatives to incarceration
  3. Carefully documenting and maintaining files
  4. Preparing timely violation reports
  5. Providing supervision alternatives and sanctions.

Protecting the Community
The Judicial District Community Supervision Corrections Department performs these tasks to protect the communities of Comal, Caldwell and Hays counties:

  1. Assessing and referring offenders to programs designed to correct identified problem behaviors
  2. Providing information to crime victims in a manner that respects the dignity of the victim and documents safety concerns, input to court and collection of court-ordered restitution
  3. Supervising offenders at various levels, including contacts in their communities, based on each offender's risk
  4. Continuing staff development training
  5. Networking in the community to maximize resource use.

Providing Rehabilitation
In an effort to provide rehabilitative opportunities to offenders, this department:

  1. Treats offenders with respect and dignity to create an atmosphere where positive change is encouraged
  2. Provides methods for positive behavior change through referrals to individualized programs
  3. Monitors attendance to rehabilitative programs
  4. Monitors supervision/treatment plans and orders of the court with clear communication to offenders regarding compliance.
  5. Sanctioning Offenders
    When necessary, this department sanctions probationers who fail to comply with supervision programs, treatment plans or court orders. This part of rehabilitation is designed to deter future violations during the period of community supervision. Three levels of sanctions may be imposed on offenders.

    1. The least restrictive sanctions are those imposed by probation officers. These sanctions include:
      • Increasing the frequency of offender reporting
      • Referring the offender to further in-house evening or weekend programs
      • Referring the offender to the Day Treatment Program
      • Holding an administrative hearing with the probation supervisor
      • Moving the offender up to intensive supervision
      • Filing a notice to show cause (summons)
      • Filing a violation notice requesting a motion to revoke supervision.
    2. Sanctions that courts may use against offenders are more restrictive than those imposed by probation officers. Those include:
      • Adding community service hours
      • Extending the period of probation, up to 10 years (3 years for misdemeanor cases)
      • Imposing an ignition interlock device for intoxication-related offenses
      • Changing the rehabilitative release from the local jail to the Day Treatment Program.
      • Moving the offender up to intensive supervision
      • Stipulating a private treatment facility
      • Contracting residential services
      • Adding jail time as a condition of the supervision
      • Imposing sentence to community correctional facility, including court residential treatment centers and restitution centers
      • Moving to intermediate sanction facilities
      • Revoking probation and sending the offender to the county jail.
    3. The most restrictive sanctions which can be made to offenders on community supervision and corrections are those imposed by the state, after court orders, including:
      • Sentencing to state boot camp program
      • Sentencing to shock penitentiary time
      • Imposing enrollment to a substance abuse felony punishment facility program
      • Revoking probation and sending the offender to a state jail or state prison.


    Contract Residential Services
    When an offender needs treatment for chemical dependency and/or mental health issues, subjects are referred to specialized residential facilities where such services can be obtained. These placements are made with department money or with grant money. There is generally limited space.

    Court Residential Treatment Centers
    The purpose of these facilities is to focus on a client's recovery from drug or alcohol addiction then help him/her secure employment and become self-supporting. The centers attempt to help clients restructure their thinking while teaching responsible living. These are not secure facilities; failure to report as instructed or leaving a court residential treatment center is a state jail felony offense.

    Restitution Centers
    These facilities are very limited in number but do provide residential services combined with off-site work pursuits. Once employed, the offender pays room and board to the facility. Some of those earnings go back to the court and/or probation office to clear debts owed and to support their families. The focus of these centers is on living skills and self-support aimed at independent living through self-support.

    Intermediate Sanction Facility
    These are generally barracks-type living facilities for subjects who have violated their conditions of probation. Clients stay in for periods of 90 days to 24 months to establish a regular work pattern involving five day per week (or more) community service. Once the pattern is established and the client has demonstrated cooperation with the program's elements, they are released to return to intensive probation where they will be more closely monitored than on standard supervision levels.

    Substance Abuse Felony Punishment Facility
    These facilities are operated behind prison walls. The program lasts approximately six months. While incarcerated here, clients attend classes, group counseling and group processing. The program is aimed at getting clients to realize how significant chemicals are in their lives and what can be done to accept responsibility and change their behavior. This is the most intense chemical dependency treatment program available in the world of corrections.

    Once the lock-up portion of the program has been completed (six months), the client goes to a half-way house or transitional treatment center. During this phase, the probationer must get a job and begin to get used to the increasing hours of free time in the community. All of this will be followed by six to nine months of aftercare counseling. This counseling helps clients deal with relapse prevention issues and other problems that are likely to arise with this high-risk population once they return to the community. A Special (Intensive) Probation Officer who is familiar with the regimen of these treatment facilities supervises the year of aftercare counseling.

    The following is a list of programs offered by the tri-county Judicial District Community Supervision Corrections department:

    Anger Intervention
    Offenders who assault and clients who have difficulty controlling their behavior when angry attend and pay a fee for this program. This six-hour program addresses the changing role of men in the abuse cycle, the influence of drugs on assaultive behavior, relaxation and stress reduction and elements of Albert Ellis' Rational Emotive Therapy to deal with cognitive issues leading to abuse.

    Budgeting Courses
    This is a two session program that covers appropriate budget planning , checking account management, and responsible credit management principles. It is designed for offenders who have histories of poor financial management patterns and for those who fall behind on money owed to the court.

    Commitment to Change
    Targeted to clients in need of long-term cognitive restructuring information, this 72-hour program addresses problem-solving skills and underlying cognitive issues that need to be restructured in clients at higher risk. There is a fee for this program.

    Day Treatment Program
    Because of a delay for an offender to enter 90-day residential chemical dependency treatment had become as long as six months in duration due to the sheer numbers of persons needing treatment, the Day Treatment Program was created as an initiative in 2003 to alleviate the lengthy waiting period, and to offer the Criminal Courts another alternative to incarceration.

    The Program Design includes 120 hours of education and counseling over the course of a six week period. The hours of operation are Monday through Thursday 9:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m. The curriculum of the Program includes:

    1. Chemical dependency education and counseling;
    2. Cognitive-behavioral programming;
    3. Relapse prevention;
    4. Orientation to 12-step self-help support groups;
    5. Tobacco education;
    6. Education related to HIV, Hepatitis, Tuberculosis, and Sexually Transmitted Infections;
    7. Awareness of values, attitude and behavior;
    8. Lifestyle issues pertaining to nutrition, exercise, and leisure time;
    9. Parenting;
    10. Co-dependency in relationship issues;
    11. Communication skills and conflict resolution;
    12. Emotional health;
    13. Life management skills; and
    14. Crisis intervention.

    Discovery Group
    This program is for clients with strong indicators of drug/alcohol abuse who should be going to a 12-step (AA/NA) program. In this six-hour program, the leader addresses chemical dependency as a disease. Families and/or significant others are expected to participate in this program. The goal is to get the probationer into an ongoing 12-step program or other support group.

    Domestic Violence Prevention
    Offenders with domestic violence issues are enrolled in this program which costs $150 for locally supervised clients or $300 for others. A 24-session program designed to address factors leading to family violence: the abuse cycle, the influence of drugs/alcohol in assaultive situations, stress reduction, relaxation and creative ways to express emotions without violence.

    Drug Offender Education
    This program targets offenders convicted of drug-related offenses and other probationers who have drug-related symptoms. There is a charge for this program. Sanctioned by the Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse, this program is designed to educate clients on the dangers of drug use/abuse and associated illegal activities. The eight sessions of this program include both pre-admission and exit interviews and cover topics including:

    1. Illegal aspects of drug use/abuse
    2. History of drug abuse
    3. Effects of specific drugs
    4. Downward steps to drug dependence
    5. Costs of drug use/abuse
    6. HIV infection
    7. Values and behavior inventory
    8. Drug replacements
    9. Relapse prevention and warning signs
    10. Personal action plan to remain drug free.

    This program targets first time DWI offenders and requires a fee. This course is certified by the Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse. Six sessions, including a pre-admission and exit interview, plus four modules:

    1. DWI as a social problem, the law and client hostilities toward the criminal justice system
    2. Physical and psychological effects of alcohol
    3. Problem drinking and alcoholism
    4. Decision-making including a plan to prevent future DWI behavior.

    This program targets repeat DWI offenders and there is a charge for this program. This program includes much of the same information as the DWI-Education program explained above, except it lasts 18-20 sessions and covers the following topics in-depth:

    1. Costs vs. benefits of using alcohol
    2. Good eating physical/leisure time activities
    3. Emotional issues
    4. Communication styles and personal goal-setting
    5. Family roles in the user/abuser
    6. Use of 12-step support group (AA/NA) with a local resource guide
    7. Support network
    8. Relaxation and creative ways to deal with stress effectively
    9. Warning signs of relapse
    10. Drink refusal role-plays
    11. Personal action plan to avoid future problematic behavior.

    DWI-Victim Impact Panel
    In this free program, DWI offenders listen as a panel of victims who have been personally injured and those who have lost family members as a result of DWI-related accidents tell how the DWI behavior of someone affected their lives.

    In-House Out-Patient Program (IHOPP)
    This free program is offered to clients suspected of chemical dependency problems identified through CSO assessment, prior record and/or positive urine samples. Facilitated by a Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselor this program includes three aspects of chemical dependency programming:

    1. Individual assessment/evaluation
    2. Individual counseling for crisis issues and relapse prevention
    3. Ongoing out-patient program services (group or individual).

    Life Management Series for Theft Intervention Life Skills
    This program targets clients in need of self-improvement values clarification and behavior control. Fees are charged. This is a short program designed to help clients develop a personal plan for a successful future. Homework assignments are a big part of this program.

    Male/Female Offender Group
    This is a cognitive restructure, long-term (1-2 years) program aimed at confronting criminal thinking patterns to redirect thought processes into pro-social and acceptable ways.

    Nature of Marijuana Program
    Three session education program for offenders probated for or involved with the use on marijuana. The program looks critically at the illegal actions involved in using marijuana and points out the dangers for people choosing to use this drug in today's world.

    Recovery Works
    Clients who have completed residential treatment participate in this free support group which is facilitated by a licensed chemical dependency counselor to aid those clients who have begun to walk the 12-steps of recovery through Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or Narcotics Anonymous (NA) but who need encouragement and technical advice to complete their recovery.

    Relapse Prevention Group
    After completing a treatment program along with a significant number of 12-step (AA/NA) meetings, clients are referred to this program. The focus of this group is awareness and avoidance of triggers that may lead to use of drugs or alcohol again, keeping the participant sober, and dealing with the needed changes to maintain the sobriety started in treatment.

    Sex Offender Group
    These programs are facilitated by Registered Sex Offender Treatment Providers in Texas and deal with cognitive restructuring of the thinking patterns of offenders under supervision for sex offenses defined by state law.

    Victim Impact Panel
    A panel of victims of various types of crime (from property to crimes of violence) speak to help offenders understand the full effects that criminal behavior has had on their lives. This free program is offered to criminal offenders whose crime involved a victim.

Probation Information